Research; Memory and The Stages of Life

Following our site visit, I spent the rest of the day researching memory and the various illnesses related with the loss of memory. Here are my findings:

Memory is the process in which information is encoded, stored and retrieved.

  • Encoding: Processing and combining received information.
  • Storage: Creation of a permanent record or encoded information.
  • Retrieval: Calling back stored information.

The loss of memory is known as forgetfulness, or medically as amnesia.

The two main – and most common – illnesses related to memory loss are dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (this affects people over the age of 65).


People over the age of 65 with dementia often have problems with memory loss, thinking speed, mental agility, language, understanding and judgement. They may also become uninterested in their usual activities, and have problems controlling their emotions.

Alzheimer’s Disease:

With this disease there is a progressive loss of brain cells. Symptoms for this may include; disorientation, personality changes and behavioural problems.

The Stages of Life:

  1. Baby (birth). Either in its mother’s arms, or in a cot. Sleeps, screams to express needs and in the first few months it will learn to focus on desires.
  2. Toddler (1yr). Makes the first independent moves – first on all floors and then gradually on foot. Muscular skills are developed. Whining and tantrums. 
  3. Infant (2yr). Learns to interact with other humans properly. Complex feelings, views and wishes.
  4. School Child (5yr). Engages in proper work – school – and playing with others. Develops creativity.
  5. Adolescent / Teenager (11yr+). Passionate friendships. Develops individual life, loves, beliefs alongside family support.
  6. Young Adult (20yr+). Society pressures young adults. Experimentation is extremely popular and will have some form of income.
  7. Mature Adult (30yr+). Long-term partnerships – even families of their own. Settled. Following a desired career.
  8. Ageing Adult (60yr+). Prepares oneself for the unknown.

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